By Andrea Byrne
There is such a place, you know, And it”s here in Stratford, on Elm Street. Enter the grounds of Shakespeare Park at 1850 Elm Street, and to your right you will see one of the loveliest public gardens in the state. It is a garden with history and celebrity.
On July 19th a ceremony took place at the entrance to Shakespeare Park, paying tribute to Christine Rudney for all she has done in the last eleven years to bring the Shakespeare garden back to life. Our Sister Cities group, part of an organization that connects all the Stratfords of the world, sponsored a bench for the garden with the inscription:
Stratford Sister Cities
In Recognition of Christine Rudney
The Sister Cities Choir performed several pieces on the steps of the White House. Christine was clearly touched, and gave her thanks to those who have participated in so many ways over the last decade. She also gave us the origin story of the garden.
When the American Shakespeare Theatre was in its heyday in the 1950”s an actor named Will Geer performed there. He later became well known as Grandpa Walton on the popular TV show, “The Waltons”. What is less known about him is that he started out to become a botanist, and received his master”s degree in botany at the University of Chicago.
He was well-versed in the many plants that make an appearance in Shakespeare”s plays. He could—and did—quote the lines with ease. It was that passion that led him to create the herbarium at the property”s entrance. He preferred the term herbarium because many of the plants in Shakespeare”s day were favored for purposes in addition to their beauty—food, medicines… and poisons. (See list below.) They were not the hybrid forms we are familiar with, but much smaller and less showy versions that today would likely be thought of as wildflowers or weeds. For example, what Shakespeare referred to as a “pansy” was actually the much smaller “Johnny-Jump-Up” or Viola. Our Pansies are hybrids that were cultivated in the 19th century.
Geer’s initial plan was a small Perdita spring garden, named for a character in “A Winter”s Tale”. He envisioned it along the walk leading to the theatre, and something that would be enjoyable and educational for the many school children who came to see performances.
Funds for a larger garden came from the Fairfield County Garden Guild (a little bit of magic!), and the initial labor came from Will Geer. He had a vacation home at 3000 Nichols Avenue called Geer-Gore Gardens that he visited often throughout the years. That garden provided some of the plantings for his new undertaking, which he named Shakespeare”s Herbal.
The basic layout remains the same, and is traditional for Shakespeare gardens, featuring boxwoods at the gate and pathways to guide you through the plantings. The boxwoods that Will Geer planted were a cutting from a tree outside Anne Hathaway’s cottage in Stratford-Upon-Avon, given to him by a lady doctor who had visited the cottage.
As one garden story goes, there was a rather prominent actress working at the theatre (initials KH… any guesses??) who was in the habit of plucking lettuce from the garden for her salads. When Will chided her for it, she tossed him twenty dollars, saying “go buy some more lettuce”. He didn’t. Instead he bought a crabapple tree, planted it just outside the garden and good-naturedly named it after her. She responded with equal good humor, but I wouldn’t be surprised if she kept on picking lettuce.
Geer was with the theatre company for ten years, but left in 1965 to pursue work in California. In his absence, someone always magically stepped in. Sometimes it was actors and sometimes members of the Garden Guild, but Will returned often to look in on the garden and do his part in maintaining it.
Wyman Pendleton, a fellow actor and garden enthusiast, shared care of the garden while he was a member of the acting company through the “70”s, working together with Will in the herbarium or writing each other with what new plantings or changes were being made.
When the theatre fell on hard times and was forced to close altogether in the “80”s, the garden fell into disrepair as well. Guild members tried to maintain it for a while, but that, too, faded away.
Some thirty years later, around 2011, Christine entered the scene to provide a bit more magic—and a great deal of work. Christine grew up in Stratford and worked at the theatre in her teens, so it has a very special place in her heart. She lived its history.
Her marriage and career as a nurse had taken her to New York City where she lived for many years, raising her family. She returned to her childhood home in the historic district when her father was ill, and it was then that she joined others who were hopeful of rejuvenating the theatre. She happily took on the task of working with the costumes worn by so many stars who headlined there. She created an exhibit which was displayed not only in the lobby area of the theatre, but also at the Fairfield Historical Society. In addition, she helped to organize the boxes and boxes of theatre ephemera that filled the old offices—programs, receipts, letters and so much more.
She grew frustrated with all the failed attempts at restoring and restarting the theatre, so decided to take on a project where she could actually make something happen—the garden. By that time it was a mess, with an overgrown pear tree at the center of it. She consulted an arborist about pruning the tree so she could renew the garden. He responded, “You can have a tree here, or you can have a garden, but you can”t have both.” The tree was removed. Sadly, somewhere in those intervening years the boxwoods from Anne Hathaway”s cottage had been removed, too.
Christine set to work. Theatre-enthusiast and former Councilman Matt Catalano put her in touch with two women studying to be professional gardeners. Jane Weimar and Delores Luciano needed hours to fulfill requirements for their licensing as Master Gardeners, and were happy to spend those hours working at the Shakespeare garden.
Delores got Christine connected with Sal Gilbertie of Gilbertie”s Herbs and Garden Center in Westport. Every year since, his generous response has been, “Take as much you want.” Jane made contact with Will Geer”s daughter Ellen to let her know his garden was being revived. She was delighted and offered whatever support she could provide.
From this fresh start, Christine spearheaded all the subsequent activity, as well as being the dedicated worker, waterer and plant provider. But she feels the magic of this garden is the way it brings people together. “Someone always shows up,” she says. “Someone always steps in to help, just when you need it.”
People donate not only time and expertise, but plants either from their own gardens or purchased just for this one. Friend and neighbor Orna Rawls has taken an important role as “keeper of the birdbath”, daily making sure the water is clean and fresh. The town has also contributed by providing some plantings, and assistance with the heavy labor.
Two more magic-makers showed up a couple of years ago, Anne Lees, a Master Gardener and Landscape Designer, and Jean Goodnow. Anne is a professional gardener, and Jean maintains the Sister Cities Friendship Garden at Boothe Park. She has also sought out donors of goods and services, as well as financial gifts for the Shakespeare garden.
Christine still actively takes a part in the garden, but has “handed over the trowel” to Anne and Jean. Their know-how and energy are providing the next generation of plantings and design. If you”re interested in helping at the garden, stop by any Monday morning around 10:00 and talk with Anne and Jean. Or, go there anytime to just enjoy the beauty of it all.
The following is a partial list of items planted in Will Geer”s Shakespeare”s Herbal:
- Lemon Balm
- and of course, Roses